The first immigrants were attracted to North Dakota by the Homestead Act of 1867.  They emigrated from Ukraine for a number of reasons.  The Ukrainians from eastern Ukraine which at the time of their emigration, was under the Czarist Russian Empire.  Because the Ukrainians accepted a Protestant religion, the Orthodox Church and the Empire persecuted the converts.  Their early history is recorded in the following books held in the Marie Halun Bloch UCI Library.

Ukrainian Homesteaders in North Dakota

John and Anna Baranko Circa 1906